University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Land of Nature, the Sagas and Mystical Power Places by Christine Lynn Harvey This article is quite long, so you may want to go to your browser’s tool bar and type in the “find’ option what you are looking for. Please let the people and organizations featured in this web article know that you heard about them through New Living Magazine’s Website. Your feedback is most appreciated. For a map of Iceland click here Please Note: When dialing numbers listed below, please dial the international calling code from the US first The Icelandic phone book system lists the first name of individuals first in alphabetical order in the region they live. Iceland is a place of extremes.

The Vikings: A Memorable Visit to America

Arriving in Iceland Reykjavik Many visitors find landing at Keflavik airport enchanting. The hub seems carved out of an arctic desert, with lava stones covered in moss, and haunting mountains nearby. But just 45 minutes away, Reykjavik is a charming and vibrant modern city, offering top restaurants, interesting museums and quaint narrow streets.

sagas, in particular those about early Iceland, have seemed to defy chronological treatment. 1 The dating indices are normally not clear enough to allow for the establishment of a firm chronology.

It tells of struggles between chieftains and farmers in the east of Iceland in the 10th century. The eponymous main character, Hrafnkell, starts out his career as a fearsome duelist and a dedicated worshiper of the god Freyr. After suffering defeat, humiliation, and the destruction of his temple , he becomes an atheist. His character changes and he becomes more peaceful in dealing with others.

After gradually rebuilding his power base for several years, he achieves revenge against his enemies and lives out the rest of his life as a powerful and respected chieftain. The saga has been interpreted as the story of a man who arrives at the conclusion that the true basis of power does not lie in the favor of the gods but in the loyalty of one’s subordinates. The saga remains widely read today and is appreciated for its logical structure, plausibility, and vivid characters.

For these reasons, it has served as a test case in the dispute on the origins of the Icelandic sagas. Hrafnkell has ambition and soon — with the permission of his father — establishes his own settlement. The valley subsequently receives the name Hrafnkelsdalr Hrafnkell’s valley.

A Hilarious Comedy Show on the Icelandic Sagas in 75 Minutes at Harpa Concert Hall in Reykjavík

However, it is not known whether Dicuil is speaking about Iceland, as Gaelic hermits also settled in other islands of the north such as Orkney and Shetland. Several Icelandic toponyms have been linked to the Papar, including the island of Papey , as well as the Vestmannaeyjar “islands of the Westmen ” but no archaeological evidence in these places has yet confirmed the link.

According to this account, the basis behind this knowledge was monks’ leaving behind numerous reminders of their stay, including Irish books, bells and crosiers, helping the Norse to identify their predecessors. Papar in the Faroes[ edit ] There are also several toponyms relating to the Papar in the Faroe Islands.

At one time, scholars used to regard the Icelandic Family Sagas as true pictures of the events, and they I T h e term Islendinga SSgur (literally ‘Sagas of Icelanders’) is used in Icelandic for those sagas which relate the lives of Icelanders living in the Age of Settlement and the Saga Age (or Viking Age).5/5(1).

Following the arrival of Finno-Ugric tribes providing the Kvens and Finns to the mix and Indo-Europeans in the third millennium, the southern section became home to various Germanic groups. The birth of the modern Norwegian nation took place following the Viking Age, along with the simultaneous arrival of Christianity in Scandinavia and Fennoscandia. Before that, the Scandinavians were contained entirely within the southernmost third of Sweden and Norway.

The rest was part of a poorly-defined territory known as Kvenland , which stretched all the way east into modern Russia see the link, right, for an examination of the origins of ‘Scandinavia’ as a name. What is known today as Norway or Norge to its own inhabitants began as Norvegr, meaning ‘the way north’. After the country was united it came to be called ‘Noregr’. During the Middle Ages this gradually became ‘Noreg’ before ending up with the current ‘Norge’.

Another, rarer name during the Viking Age was ‘Norrmannaland’, but this was used mainly by foreigners. As with Denmark and Sweden, the rulers of Norway the Norsemen emerged from legendary origins. There are less ambiguities and contradictions in Norway’s reignal list, though, probably because it starts much later in time. The only uncertainty here is over the first known ruler, who is ascribed two sets of dates by differing sources. It seems to be fairly certain that Norway’s royal line was founded by a refugee king from the early kingdom of the Swedes, fleeing his homeland during a period of Danish superiority.

Alternative dates are shown in red text alongside relevant entries.

Icelandic Sagas

January 30, Everyone in Iceland is related. Every member of the , population derives from the same family tree, according to genealogy website islendingabok. I was having a debate with my brother about his theory that all Icelanders were related to each other. He offered to prove it to me. The next day there was an email from him waiting in my inbox.

The former saga is an Icelandic saga representing oral traditions dating back to the fourth and fifth centuries, when Attila the Hun was fighting on the northern fringes of the Roman Empire; the latter is an Icelandic saga representing years of oral traditions prior to the ’s when it was written.

Guerber By Eugene Linden Smithsonian Magazine Subscribe December Roughly 1, years ago, the story goes, a Viking trader and adventurer named Thorfinn Karlsefni set off from the west coast of Greenland with three ships and a band of Norse to explore a newly discovered land that promised fabulous riches. Snorri, the son of Thorfinn and his wife, Gudrid, is thought to be the first European baby born in North America.

Related Content Raiders or Traders? About three years after starting out, Thorfinn—along with his family and surviving crew—abandoned the North American settlement, perhaps in a hail of arrows. Archaeologists have found arrowheads with the remains of buried Norse explorers. Just where the family ended up in Iceland has been a mystery that historians and archaeologists have long tried to clear up.

In September , archaeologist John Steinberg of the University of California at Los Angeles announced that he had uncovered the remains of a turf mansion in Iceland that he believes is the house where Thorfinn, Gudrid and Snorri lived out their days. For one thing, it could shed new light on the early Norse experience in North America, first substantiated by Helge Ingstad, an explorer, and his wife, Anne Stine Ingstad, an archaeologist.

In , they discovered the remains of a Viking encampment in Newfoundland dating to the year But the only accounts of how and why Vikings journeyed to the New World, not to mention what became of them, are in Icelandic sagas, centuries-old tales that have traditionally vexed scholars struggling to separate Viking fantasy from Viking fact. Steinberg did not start out trying to insert himself into a debate about Viking lore, but to survey settlement patterns during Viking times.

With his colleague Doug Bolender of NorthwesternUniversity in Chicago, he had developed a method for using an electrical conductivity meter to detect buried artifacts.

STOKKSEYRI

Linguistics experts, studying the future of a language spoken by fewer than , people in an increasingly globalised world, wonder if this is the beginning of the end for the Icelandic tongue. Former President Vigdis Finnbogadottir said Iceland must take steps to protect its language. She is particularly concerned that programmes be developed so the language can be easily used in digital technology.

Teachers are already sensing a change among students in the scope of their Icelandic vocabulary and reading comprehension.

The Sagas of Icelanders (Icelandic: Íslendingasögur), also known as family sagas, are prose narratives mostly based on historical events that mostly took place in Iceland in the 9th, 10th, and early 11th centuries, during the so-called Saga Age.

A volcanic island, it touches the Arctic circle with its northernmost edge. Located between Greenland and Norway, the Gulf Stream brings mild temperatures to Iceland’s otherwise inhospitable climate. Of its , square kilometers, only 1, are cultivated, with glaciers and lava taking up 23, square kilometers. It is often referred to as “the Land of Fire and Ice” because of its glaciers and volcanoes.

In , , persons lived in Iceland, residing mainly in towns located on its 5, kilometer coastline. The capitol city is Reykjavik, where almost half of the total population lives. Iceland’s fishing industry provides more than 70 percent of Icelandic exports. Aluminum accounts for about 11 percent. Ninety-three percent of Icelanders belong to the Lutheran Church of Iceland. The national language is Icelandic, a northern Germanic language with some resemblance to Middle English.

It has changed very little since it was brought to Iceland by the first Icelandic settlers in the twelfth century. Iceland’s Althingi, or parliament, was established in the year A. It is believed to be the oldest national assembly in the world.

Facebook for VIKINGS created for characters in Icelandic sagas

Laura August The house is in a great location and provided a lot of space to spread out. The bathroom was of good size with good water pressure and hot water in the shower. Do mind the directions provided by the host which made it very easy to find even in the dark! The house is perfect, very clean and comfortable.

Are you interested in the legends and history of the Norse people? Start with the Eddas and Sagas, stories that go back hundreds of years.

Despite several attempts to enrich the debate considering the historical context Torfi Tulinius, , , , the scholarly consensus seems reluctant to redefine the datings traditionally accepted. Although a precise dating is a desideratum, a more concise framing for sagas could be useful to understand the context of their production. The saga genre is characterized by its connection with the upper ladders of Icelandic society and its nature as an historicizing discourse Assman, Therefore, it is expected that there is an underlying political message, connected with the material circumstances of its production.

This thesis considers Eyrbyggja saga as one of such cases. This saga has several advantages for an historical analysis. Firstly, it is a regional saga, most probably written in the area where the story takes place. Secondly, it has been linked with one of the most important families in the 13th century Icelandic history, the Sturlungar.

A Charming Historic Farm Place

Safe travel in Iceland To make travel in Iceland safer – for your safe return Safetravel. In that project a number of companies, public institutions and individuals join hands and the goal is to lower the rate of accidents in travel and tourism in Iceland. The Iceland app can be used for two things, both for added safety on your Iceland trip.

The Icelandic Sagas. Our Icelandic Sagas, which were written and preserved on calfskin, are family sagas dating back to the 10thth century from the time we Icelanders call Söguöld – the Saga Age. They give us insight into the lives of the descendants of the Viking settlers in Iceland and show us what the second and third generations of Vikings in Iceland were doing.

Icelandic sagas are hot stuff A N Wilson Who would have guessed that the House of Fraser and Hamleys toyshop were owned by Icelanders? The very spelling and sound of the names of those collapsing Icelandic companies – Glitnir, Baugur – reawoke memories of trying to read Old Icelandic literature as a very young man. Many people fear that “classic” literature will be heavy going or difficult to read, but this is not always the case.

The great Icelandic sagas are fast-moving thrillers, divided into short chapters and, in the case of the best of them, quite unputdownable. Njal’s Saga, perhaps the greatest of all, also might have a claim to being the first whodunnit, in that after one of the many crimes in the tale, an arsonist thief leaves clues:

Skaldsagas

Well, I guess it was mostly out of curiosity, and of course July is a very good time to depart our beloved South Florida. What few articles I read talked about a unique geography, an exciting topography, not to mention a rich culture worth investigating. Here you see the second largest rift valley on the planet and split rock walls, which are the result of the divergent plates In New Zealand, the Southern Alps are the Green sod home result of plates pushing together.

Find great deals on eBay for Icelandic Sagas in Books on Antiquarian and Collectibles. Shop with confidence.

Arriving in Iceland Reykjavik Many visitors find landing at Keflavik airport enchanting. The hub seems carved out of an arctic desert, with lava stones covered in moss, and haunting mountains nearby. But just 45 minutes away, Reykjavik is a charming and vibrant modern city, offering top restaurants, interesting museums and quaint narrow streets.

On the charming island of Flatey, time appears to stand still. Take a stroll around the village and travel back in time along the scenic lanes. As Hurtigruten operates on strict environmental and operational guidelines, taking guests on shore in areas where access has been restricted due to vulnerability of nature and wildlife is of course not part of our program. Stroll around to see the architecture, the variety of local handicrafts and the oldest houses in Iceland, including the structure that houses the Maritime Museum.

A Tale of Trolls & Sea Monsters in Iceland

He then gave the island its unpromising name. Among the settlers and the slaves the Scandinavians brought were people of Irish as well as Norse descent; Icelanders still debate the relative weight of the Norse and Irish contributions to their culture and biology. Some date a distinctive sense of “Icelandicness” to the writing of the First Grammatical Treatise in the twelfth century. The first document was a recording of laws in Many copies and versions of legal books were produced.

In , a General Assembly was established, and in , Iceland became Christian by a decision of the General Assembly.

Vǫlsunga saga, (Icelandic: “Saga of the Volsungs”) most important of the Icelandic sagas called fornaldarsǫgur (“sagas of antiquity”). Dating from roughly , it is the first of the fornaldarsǫgur to have been written down. It contains the Northern version of the story told in the Nibelungenlied.

This word was also used to describe a giantess. The masculine byname kettu-hryggr is related, meaning “cat’s back”, and was probably used to describe a hunchback. Some of the Old Norse terms above work well as modern cat names, of course. Other people have good results looking at Old Norse names for people and selecting a good Viking name for their fur-wearing warriors!

The great popularity of dogs as pets, working animals, and as companions is shown by the frequency with which they are found in graves, buried alongside their masters. The basic Norse dog is a spitz-type animal, produced by interbreeding of the native Arctic wolf with southern domestic dogs as early as the Neolithic, based on skeletal remains as much as 5, years old. There are many modern breeds of dogs which have without doubt derived from Viking Age spitz-type dogs. Although these breeds may well date to the Viking Age or before, a great many were not recognized as formal “breeds” until the ‘s or afterwards.

The warrior is greeted by a Valkyrie, bearing a horn of mead, and behind her waits the warrior’s faithful hound. Like many dog-owners, the Vikings apparently could not conceive of an afterlife in which their canine best friends were not present. This probably explains, in part, why many warriors’ graves contain the bones of one or more dogs, sent to the afterlife to accompany their master.

Dogs Depicted on Runestones In Scandinavian belief, the dog is the guardian of the underworld, and it is speculated that one reason for including dogs in Viking Age burials was to provide a guide for the deceased to lead them to the underworld.

Iceland pays $ 1800 for marrying women there